It's fairly easy to get a passport in New Orleans or anywhere in the US. Just bring the necessary items to an agent at an authorized local post office or government office.
There's no need to go to the actual Passport Office except in special cases, such as when one is needed in a very short time.
Many people can even get a new passport simply through the mail if they meet the necessary conditions.
The locations issuing passports in New Orleans include
The Main Post Office, 701 Loyola Ave,
The Carrollton Station Post Office, 3400 S. Carrollton Ave.,
Station A Post Office, 3901 MacArthur, Algiers.
There are also several places to get a passport in Jefferson Parish including the Parish Clerk of Court's Offices in Gretna and Metairie, the Gretna Post Office, and the Metairie Main Post Office.
Be sure to call to find out the schedule for accepting passports applications are accepted at the office you choose.
You must show up in person to get a passport if:
-It's your first US passport
-You're under age 16 (or you got your previous US passport when you were under age 16.)
-Your previous US passport was lost, stolen, or damaged.
-Your previous US passport was issued more than 15 years ago.
-You changed your name since your last passport issued and you can't legally document the change.
Otherwise, you can probably do it all through the mail.
NOTE: There are special requirements for all minors (under age 18) that differ with age, and for diplomatic, official and regular no-fee passports.
The basic steps for an adult submitting a passport application in person are:
1. Fill out for DS-11 (Application for a US Passport) but, DO NOT sign it (until the Acceptance Agent tells you to).
2. Submit the completed form in person
3. Submit evidence of US Citizenship (That might be a previous passport, certified government birth certificate, naturalization certificate, certificate of citizenship or consular report of birth abroad or certification of birth.
4. Present Identification
5. Submit photocopy front and back) of the ID document presented
6. Pay the fee
7. Provide one passport photo
The requirements can be very picky and your application might be delayed if you don't fulfil the specifics. So read through the requirements to make sure your submissions, including the photo, copies, paper size, etc., will meet the requirements.
The government also issues a Passport Card, which allows land or sea entry to the U.S.A. from Canada, Mexico, the Carribean, or Bermuda. It's considerably less expensive than a passport, but it can NOT be used for international air travel.